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The core of the great Solidarity movement was the dream of freedom and democracy, understood as an innate right of every human being to decide his or her own fate and to share responsibility for the fate of the nation.

Home » News » Ernest Renan – „What is a nation?”

Ernest Renan – „What is a nation?”

We strongly recommend you a famous and remarkable essay, originally delivered as a lecture at Sorbonne in 1882, published in Polish for the first time in January 2018 thanks to the Foundation, by Dialog Editions.

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Notions of “nation” and “people” have been used interchangeably and today, in political discourse, they are frequently replaced by “sovereign”. Those notions are being often abused and misconceived by populists.

Man is a slave neither of his race nor his language, nor of his religion, nor of the course of rivers nor of the direction taken by mountain chains. A large aggregate of men, healthy in mind and warm of heart, creates the kind of moral conscience which we call a nation. So long as this moral consciousness gives proof of its strength by the sacrifices which demand the abdication of the individual to the advantage of the community, it is legitimate and has the right to exist. “